Marco Legal De Salud En El Trabajongocthanh
In particular, with regard to the right to health at work, the jurisprudence of the inter-American system for the protection of human rights is really rare, unlike the universal right to health. However, in 2016, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights condemned the Brazilian state as internationally responsible for failing to ensure the protection of 85 workers exposed to contemporary forms of slavery and human trafficking and for failing to guarantee access to justice for 43 other workers. At the material time, the production of fireworks was allegedly the main employment option for the inhabitants of the municipality who, because of their situation of poverty, would have had no choice but to accept risky employment with low pay and without adequate security measures.  Finally, it should be recalled that the Inter-American Court of Justice, in its judgment on preliminary objections in the Baena Ricardo et al. case, stated that there is no double procedure when employees invoke an offence before the supervisory bodies of the ILO and, at the same time or subsequently, before the Inter-American System, since the legal bases are different and, above all, because the recommendations of the ILO supervisory body cannot be equated with the judgements of an international tribunal.  According to Article 1(e) of Decision No 584, an occupational risk means the possibility of causing injury to the worker as a result of an occupational disease or accident resulting from exposure to an environmental hazard at work or as a result of the performance of work. In this context, it is important to note that article 4 of decision No. 584 of the CAMRE imposes on Member States an obligation which must promote the improvement of health and safety conditions at work in order to prevent harm to the physical and mental integrity of workers which is a consequence or a causal link.  Decree 1530 of 1996: defines an accident at work and an occupational disease with death of the worker.  Because of the investment of the obligation to provide a test part in the event of accidents and occupational diseases, it is on the debtors of the guarantee and the parties involved in obtaining the harmful result to prove that they have taken measures to prevent or avoid the risk and all the factors that exclude or reduce their liability. It cannot be regarded as a circumstance exempt from the liability of the employer, who in turn reacts to the termination of the relationship or causal link, to the non-frivolous fault of the employee or to the habitual exercise or confidence it inspires (professional misconduct).
In this sense, Casas Benaiges, Alba, “Accident at work and occupational disease: the possible criminal liability of the employer outside the workplace”, Thesis to opt for the diploma in labour relations, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, 2015, pp. 6-15. Available from: repositori.upf.edu/bitstream/handle/10230/24788/Casas_2015.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y [cited 2020 Feb 9]. Establishes the operation of occupational health programs in companies. “1.8. In principle, the transcribed standard states that the employer must anticipate OHS objectives, resources, managers and programs, as well as develop a strategy for the development and implementation of preventive measures. In addition, it must first identify and periodically assess risks so that preventive measures can be planned appropriately. That is, the employer must have an identification and assessment of the risks or hazards of all processes and areas of his company in order to be able to plan the preventive measures mentioned above. First, this article analyses international and regional instruments providing for the right to health at work (2). Secondly, it will focus on the above-mentioned legislation of the Andean Community as well as on the recent case law of the ECJ (3). Finally, it examines national legislation and the relevant case-law of the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court (4).
Article 10 of the Federal Ordinance on Occupational Safety and HealthThe Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs is empowered to issue NOMs on the basis of the Federal Act on Metrology and Standardization and the Federal Labour Code to establish occupational safety and health provisions. avoid risks endangering the life, physical well-being or health of workers, as well as adverse and substantial changes in the working environment which affect or may affect the safety or health of workers or cause damage to the installations, machinery, equipment and materials of the workplace.  Work-related injuries are defined as an illness, pathology or injury caused by the reason or opportunity of the work, that is, a “causal link” with the duties or tasks performed by the worker at work. There are currently 41 official Mexican occupational safety and health standards. “Whereas there are working conditions which result in such levels of injustice, misery and deprivation for a large number of people that the discontent provoked constitutes a threat to universal peace and harmony; Whereas there is an urgent need to improve these conditions, for example as regards … the protection of workers against occupational or non-occupational diseases and against accidents at work; […]”. The above-mentioned binding and supranational EU rules constitute not only an international obligation for the Peruvian State, but also a guarantee for the investor that Peru respects certain international labour parameters and is therefore in principle not exposed to possible claims or must react jointly and severally in the event of avoidable accidents at work. These standards are divided into five categories: safety, health, organizational, specific and product.
Its application is mandatory throughout the national territory. As a worker, it is important that you are aware of the provisions of the legal framework for occupational health and safety. For this reason, we inform you here about the powers of the labour authorities, the obligations that correspond to both employers and employees in this regard, as well as the applicable NOM. Ultimately, the national legislation referred to imposes obligations on the employer in the field of health and safety at work as guarantor of the right of its employees to health and safety at work. It should also be noted that the procedural rules enshrine the “principle of the dynamic burden of proof” in labour proceedings, an expression – like the principle in dubio pro operario – of the principle of protection in the assessment of evidence in the adjective labour law, on the basis of which the number of reversals of the burden of proof is indicated.